What are the different types of slotting &

grooving router cutter?

         
         
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Slotting and groover router cutters from trend for jointing and other routing tasks

 

Slotting and grooving cutters consist of a single cutter with parts mounted on an arbor. Most types allow you to rearrange parts on the arbor to produce different cuts. 

 

There are three main types of slotting and grooving cutter: 

 
         
 

Jointing cutters

 
  Wooden joints created with jointing router cutters  

Jointing cutters are used in the production of various joints, such as comb joints.

 

There are five main types of jointing cutters, most of which have straight sided groovers. However, some, such as the finger jointer cutters, have groovers with angled cutting edges.

 
         
  A biscuit jointer router cutter with an example of how it is used  

Biscuit jointers

Biscuit jointer sets, as the name suggests, are designed to cut the grooves of a biscuit joint. 

 
         
  Diagram showing the most common sizes of biscuit along with a biscuit jointer router cutter  

They are usually supplied with three bearing guides of different diameters, to suit the three common biscuit sizes of 0, 10 and 20. Alternatively, there are dedicated power tools called biscuit jointers that are ideal if you need to produce biscuit joints regularly.

 
         
  A matchlining cutter with an example of the shape of cut it makes  

Matchlining cutters

These cutters are used to produce matchlining joints. The square-tipped cutter produces the groove while the angled profile block cuts the V-joint profile. 

 
         
  Creating a tongue and groove joint with a square-tipped matchlining cutter  

To cut the tongue part of the joint, the square-tipped groover is exchanged for one of a different diameter (usually supplied) and the guide bearing is repositioned on the arbor. Please note: the groove should be routed first as it is easier to adjust the tongue to fit the groove compared with the other way around.

 
         
  A set of shims used to adjust matchlining router cutters  

Matchlining sets are often supplied with a set of shims. These are used when changing the cutter to the groove set-up, but can also be added or removed to create a tight or loose fitting joint and to adjust after resharpening. 

 
         
  A tongue and groove router cutter set  

Tongue and groover sets

These cutters are designed to produce a tongue and groove joint. As with matchilining cutters, these are often supplied on tongue mode and will require parts to be rearranged on the arbor in order to rout the groove. 

 

Tongue and groove joints are also typically supplied with a set of shims. buy router cutters

 
         
  A comb jointer router cutter and an example of the joint it can make  

Comb jointer sets

Comb jointer sets  are comprised of several, equally spaced, groovers mounted on the arbor, and, as the name suggests, are designed for producing comb joints. 

 
         
  Chart showing the thickness of workpiece necessary for cutting multiple combs in a wooden workpiece  

Material width

Depending on the width of your material, these cutters can be assembled to cut one, two, three, four or, five comb joints. 

 
         
  Diagram showing the three different sizes of bearing guide that are included with comb jointer router cutter sets  

Material thickness

They are also supplied with three bearings of different diameters, in order to alter the depth of cut to match your material thickness. 

 
         
  A finger jointer router cutter and an example of the type of joint it can create  

Finger jointer sets

These sets consist of several carbide-tipped finger groovers which, together with an abutting edge cutter, are used to create finger joints.

 

Both parts of the joint can be cut without the need to reassemble the cutter. After having made the first cut, the second cut is carried out by inverting the wood.

 
         
  Diagram showing that finger jointer router cutters can be assembled with between one and five fingers  

As with a comb jointer set, finger jointer sets can be reassembled to cut between one and five finger joints, depending on your material's thickness. The CraftPro range has a single piece finger jointer  and the Professional TCT range has a reversable finger jointer  and a  finger jointer set that is adjustable.

 
         
 

Groover sets

 
  A DIYer creating a groove for jointing with a variable kerf cutter  

Groover sets contain straight-sided groovers only and are used for producing grooves. There are two main types:

 
         
  A quad groover router cutter with an illustration that it can be used to cut channels of varying widths into a workpiece  

Quad groover sets

Quad groover sets  are supplied with four 2-wing groovers of different thicknesses, which can be used on their own or combined to produce a wide range of groove widths. When used singularly, the groovers can be used to produce widths of between 3.2mm (1/8") and 6.35mm (1/4"). By combining groovers, widths of between 5.7mm and 18mm can be achieved.

 
         
  Example of tongue and groove joints  

Tongue and groove joints can also be created, either along the length of material (for jointing, aligning, or cladding) or to produce frames (for doors, windows or pictures). buy router cutters

 
         
  A variable kerf cutter and a diagram of how the half-cutters can be assembled  

Variable kerf cutters

These cutters come with a groover in two halves - which can be joined to produce a particular cutting width (or kerf), or separated with shims or spacers, in order to produce widths of varying sizes. Amongst many applications, these cutters are ideal when preparing grooves for jointing, when the fit needs to be precise.

 
         
  A ball groover router cutter with examples of the channels it can create in a workpiece  

Ball groover cutters

Ball groover cutters are spherically shaped and primarily designed for routing long channels for the purpose of concealing wires, pipes, or cables. 

 

These channels are often formed on the back of strips of molding or beading.

 
         
  Example of fluting, which can be created with a ball groover router cutter  

Ball groovers can also be used to produce curves for decorative applications such as fluting.

 
         
  Dimensions of a ball groover router cutter  

Ball groover cutters are available in the following sizes:

Shank diameter (SD): ½"

Overall length (OL): 58mm (2 9/32") to 75mm (2 61/64")

Min. diameter (D2): 12.7mm to 32mm (1¼")

Max. diameter (D): 6.5mm to 12.7mm

Cutting edge radius (R): 6.35mm to 16mm

 
         
  A capillary groove router cutter and an example of the shape of groove it creates  

Capillary groove cutters

These cutters  are designed to produce radiused grooves (known as capillary or drip grooves) in window and door joinery, for the purpose of draining off water.

 

They are supplied with ball-bearing guide beneath the cutting edges, which can be replaced with a smaller or larger one, in order to obtain a shallower or deeper cut. 

 
         
  Diagram showing the different dimensions of a capillary router cutter  

Capillary groove cutters  are available in the following sizes:

Shank diameter (SD): ¼" (6.35mm)

Diameter (D): 28.7mm (1⅛")

Cutting edge length (C): 8mm (5/16")

Cutting edge radius (R): 8mm 

Guide bearing diameter: (B): 12.7mm (½")

 
         
  Examples of different types of weather seal router cutters  

Weatherseal cutters

Weatherseal router cutters are designed to rout the recesses into which weatherseal strips are fitted. There are several different types of weatherseal cutter, suitable for the various types of weatherseal strip. For more information see: What are the different types of weatherseal cutter?

 
         
  Different types of weatherseal strips which can be shaped with weatherseal router cutters  

Intumescent and smokeseal strip recesser cutters

Intumescent strips are recessed into doors to provide protection against smoke and heat if a fire breaks out. Heat causes the strip to expand and seal off the gap between the door and the frame. They must be fitted around fire doors for the door to match its fire rating.

 
         
  Examples of intumescent and smokeseal strip router cutters and the corresponding sections on a door edge  

Intumescent and smoke seal strip recesser cutters are provided in a range of sizes to match the width of teh strip you will be fitting. 15mm is the most common as it's the standard size fitted to most new fire doors. Intumescent and Smokeseal

 
         
  A tonk strip recesser router cutter and examples of the shape of groove it creates in a wooden workpiece  

Tonk strip cutters (rebater)

These cutters are designed to cut a stepped recess for a shelf support strip (also known as a tonk strip).

 
         
  Diagram showing how to match the depth of your tonk strip recesser router cutter groove to your shelf strip  

The top half of the stepped recess should be the same depth as the shelf support strip you wish to fit. This is so that when fitted, the strip rests on the step of the recess and lies flush with the surrounding material.

 
         
  Diagram showing how a shelf support pin fits into a shelf strip support  

The bottom half of the recess should allow a space between the back of the support strip and the material, so that a support pin can be hooked through the gap of the strip, in order to support a shelf.

 
         
  Dimensions of a tonk strip recesser router cutter  

Tonk strip cutters are available in the following sizes:

Shank diameter (SD): ¼" and ½".

Diameter (D): 9.5mm (⅜") to 16mm.

Diameter (D2): 19mm - 22mm (⅞"). 

Cutting edge length (C1): 8mm to 13mm.

Cutting edge length (C2): 6mm.

 
         
  An example of an espagnolette router cutter and the type of cut it makes  

Espagnolette cutters

Espagnolette cutters  are used to create recesses for espagnolette locks, which are often used in window frames. As these locks are produced universally in the same sizes, the cutters are available in one size only. The groove that they create allows room for the locking mechanism in the main channel, with a double rebate to allow the locking strip to sit flush with the edge of the window.

 
         
 

Slotter sets

 
  An example of a keyhole slotter router cutter, the shape of slot it creates, and the way that it can be used for hanging pictures on screws  

Keyhole slotter cutters

These cutters are used to create slots in frames that will allow you to hang a picture flush with a wall. They feature an internal lip that rests behind a screw head and holds the picture securely in place. This is created by plunging the router into the frame and moving it to one side to cut the lip. The cutter is then returned to its original position before it is removed from the hole.

 
         
  An example of a T-slot router cutter and then shape of groove it creates  

T-slotters and slat wall cutters

T-slotter cutters and slat wall cutters are used for making grooves in slat walling panels. The large recess behind the visible opening allows shelves to be securely attached with little effort. The cutter size guide always lists two diameters. The first (D) is the diameter of the cutters at the tip, which will be the same as the wide recess inside the slat wall. The second (D2) is the diameter of the cutter closest to the shank, which tells you the width of opening that will be created.

 
         
  An example of an undercut slotter router cutter and the shape of groove it creates  

Undercut slotters

Undercut slotters can be used for decorative features (such as lettering) that are cut in relief, creating a groove around the base to really make them stand out. The bearing mounted on their shank allows them to follow edges without the user having to worry about routing freehand.  shop for slotters

 
         
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