How to cut out inlays with a router

         
         
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  Router guide bush, inlay, guide bush and collar, router bit, inlay that has been routed in wood  

The easiest way to create inlays with a router is by using a guide bush with a guide bush alloy collar. This is a metal ring that fits around the spigot of a guide bush, allowing you to cut both the recesses and inserts needed when inlaying, using only one template. Inlays don't usually start at the edge of any materials, so you can only produce them with a plunge base router, and not one with a fixed base.

 

These instructions are for using a standard female template if using a male template you'll need to reverse the instructions.

 
         
 

Things you will need:

 
  Butterfly key inlay template, router template  
  • Inlay template. If you're using an inlay to cover up a knot or other defect, make sure you select a template with a large enough opening to cover it. You can make your own templates out of suitable materials, like plastic or plywood, and they're usually around 6mm thick.


  • Router inlay kit. It's easiest to buy an inlay kit which is suitable for your templates rather than the separate pieces. The kit consists of guide bush, alloy collar, screws to attach the guide bush, and a suitable spiral cutter. If you buy these pieces separately you should check the sizes of all accessories are appropriate.


  • Double sided tape.

 
         
 

Before you begin

 
  Checking edge of template, checking wooden workpiece, feeling plank of wood, running hand along wood  

Check and secure template

Any rough parts or imperfections on the edge of the template will be picked up by the guide bush or collar and transferred to your workpiece, so you need to make sure that the edge is smooth and even. If used correctly inlay templates should last a long time with minimum maintenance required. Whether you are routing the inlay or the recess, your template should always be secured to your material. A strong double-sided sticky tape is recommended to form a secure yet non-permanent bond. 

 
         
  Removing waste material with brush, brushing away sawdust, removing sawdust  

Remember:

You should take regular breaks when completing a large routing task and check that the guide bush has not become loose at any point. Between passes, you should also remove any waste material with a hand-held blower or soft brush to avoid any debris obstructing the cut or misshaping the template, and so you have a clear view of the material you're routing. 

 
         
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Routing the recess in the workpiece

 
  Fitting guide bush to baseplate of router, installing guide bush  

Step 1 - Set up router

Fit the guide bush to the router and slide the collar onto the spigot of the bush. This will increase the offset so the pattern produced will be the correct size to fit the inlay piece. You can then install the router cutter.

 

For more information see:  How to fit a Trend router cutter

 
         
  Adjust router bit height using depth scale, router bit height adjustment scale  

Step 2 - Set cutting depth

Set the height of the cutter to match the thickness of the inlay material. If this is more than 3.2mm you will need to cut the full depth with more than one pass of the router. You can either use the router's turret system to do this, or you can simply plunge the router bit to about half way and activate the plunge lock mechanism for the first pass and then allow the router to plunge the full amount on the final pass.

 

For more information see:  Adjusting the cutting depth on a router

 
         
  Using inlay template with router, inlay template, butterfly template  

Step 3 - Begin routing

Position the router on the template, switch it on and lower the cutter into the material. Keeping the collar fitted to the guide bush pressed against the edge of the template, move the router in a clockwise direction around the inside of the template. Once you have cut the outline of your recess, you can move the router around the rest of the shape to remove the remaining material.  

 
         
 

Routing the inlayBuy templates for rotuers

 
  Support workpiece on either side with scrap material, providing support for the template and router  

Step 1 - Support material

If your inlay material is particularly narrow, flank it on either side with pieces of scrap material of the same thickness. This will provide support for the template and router base plate when cutting. You will need to secure the area from which the inlay will be routed with double sided tape, as well as securing the template in place. This will keep the inlay in place once the cut is complete. If you need to, you can clamp the template and the outer waste material so it is totally secure.

 
         
  Routing inlay insert with guide bush collar removed, cutting inlay insert  

Step 2 - Remove guide bush collar

Remove the alloy collar and set aside. This will now move your cut outwards so the inlay will be the correct size to fit into the recess. 

 
         
  Guiding router along the edge of a template, template, workpiece, guide bush spigot  

Step 3 - Begin routing

Press the guide bush's spigot up against the edge of the template, switch the router on and plunge the bit into the material. If you need to you should cut the inlay in a series of progressive passes. Always move in a clockwise direction around the inside edge of the template. You must ensure the guide bush is always pressed against the template to avoid any errors.

 
         
 

Fitting the inlay

 
  Using scraper to remove excess material, cabinet scraper, smooth surface of wood with scraper  

Test the inlay in the recess, it should be a tight, neat fit. You may find you need to use something like a chisel or sandpaper to get the edges and corners on both pieces to make a perfect fit. Don't over sand though or there will be a gap around the inlay and the recess. Usually, the inlay is glued into place and, if necessary, it can be tapped down with a mallet so it sits flush to the rest of the workpiece. If it isn't flush, you should be able to sand or even plane down the surface until it is completely level.

 
         
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      Wonkee Donkee says: 'Be careful not to damage the inlay when tapping it into the recess.'  
         
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